How To Install A Pellet Stove In A Basement
To add a pellet stove to your basement, you need to make sure the stove is properly vented and there should be clearance around the stove. Without proper ventilation, the stove will not function properly and could pose a safety hazard. You also need to ensure there is sufficient clearance around the stove as well.
Every basement pellet stove setup that is not a part of the existing structure is going to have to have proper ventilation in order for the stove to function. In most cases, if you are using your pellet stove to warm your house, not just heat your basement, you will want to set your stove to higher temperatures to ensure your main floor is at a comfortable temperature. When heating your entire house, you will want a floor plan that is open, with no obstructions in the flow of heat.
If your local fire code (and building) allows, you may want to install floor vents that will allow the air flow to move up from your basement into your main level. You will have to ensure that no flammable materials are located within three feet of an exterior vent. If you are planning on a venting external fireplace, place your woodburning stove so the venting tube can extend into the basement windows or into the hole in your foundation, not impeding your living space.
You cannot use the basement egress window for stove venting, because doing so would be a violation of building code requirements for basement egress windows. It is possible to install a woodburning stove in your basement; however, you might have to make some modifications in order to vent it correctly, which could be a major investment. If you are using the wood stove for heating on the top floors of the house, then installing the wood stove in the basement makes no sense. When planning on installing a wood stove in your basement, it is critical that you think about how the exhaust fumes created from burning wood will be vented.
Keep in mind, if you are planning on installing a wood-burning stove in an active living space, this living space should have at least one window complying with building codes guidelines for egress windows in a basement. Yes, you can ventilate a pellet stove through a basement window, but remember you will have to encase the window with sheet metal in order to create a panel that will properly support the metal stovepipes that will run through it.
You can vent a pellet stove either through a fireplace in the upper level, if there is one — although you will need to have a professional check it out and prep your fireplace for the new vent — or you can vent the stove through a discharge tube made specifically for the stove inside your walls. Before you start installation, be sure that your pellet stove will have room for ventilation; although pellet stoves burn cleaner and do not require a chimney, there is still the risk of carbon monoxide poisoning.
It is essential that you set up a multi-fuel/pellet stove in mobile homes or modular homes, because cool air outside of living spaces goes right into the burning chamber, allowing more efficient burning, particularly in apartments. Pellet stoves are such an effective source of heat as they consume less fuel than a traditional wood or coal-burning fireplace, yet they can still generate as much as three times more pollution per hour if they are not vented correctly. A pellet stove installed in the basement does not move heat throughout the home nearly as effectively as a stove that has an electric fan and specialized ducting. The stove would require an air-flow capability, and you would need a means of moving heat, like a heated-air system with ducts.
It is going to get really difficult to spread out the heat wave produced by your stove throughout the entire apartment from your bedroom, because your bedroom is not going to be a central location in your home. Ideally, the worst spot to put your pellet or any kind of heat source for that matter is your bedroom. Put is part of the reason a crawlspace makes such a great place for a Pellet Stove: the heat will be rising toward the ceiling of your room, and it will look for the nearest outlet to climb up.
If you have a split line running from your main home down to your basement, then you will be able to set up the stove in your basement. The basement is one of the best places to install a pellet stove, as the lower floors in the home are always going to be the hardest floors to keep warm, and if placed correctly, the convection heat will be able to keep the basement and the higher floors warm without having to fully rely on the main heating system. A woodburning stove can warm up large rooms quickly, too, making it perfect for the space of a finished basement.
In addition to warming a cold basement, this configuration also allows the hot air to travel throughout your home, minimizing the disturbance of noise caused by your stove. The outside wall also needs to get some sunlight, which helps it stay warm. Putting the stove near a back wall helps conceal vent pipes and makes the house look stylish.
Venting a wood stove using a pipe running to the exterior of your house leaves cold air in your fireplace, which may be forced down. Wood-burning stoves, for example, always will vent up through your homes roof, but pellet-burning stoves may vent vertically up the roof, or horizontally down through your walls and out into the outdoors. Even if the house has an existing fireplace, the pellet-burning stove may be vented from an outside wall in the home, with the chimney installed on the exterior wall to the top of the eaves, or the flue may be installed inside the home and vented through the roof. No combination of gas, oil, or additional wood, pellet, coal, or corn-burning appliances may be vented in the same fireplace flue as a solid-fuel burning appliance.
For an off-electric option, the U.S. Stove Companys GW1949 Pellet Stove (Amazon Link) holds 60 pounds of pellets, and uses a gravity feeding system, eliminating the need for an electric mechanical feeding system. A 40-pound bag of pellets costs about $5-10, and they last for at least 24 hours when burned continuously. Furthermore, the pellets are non-combustible, so you do not run the risk of a fire or smoke when following these steps properly. As long as the stove is enclosed with a minimum of six inches of a non-combustible material such as concrete or brick, any sparks that might come out would be no concern.
A stovepipe cladding is a metal tube that connects to the pellet stove on one end–usually using the stovepipe chimney adapter–and runs the length through your existing fireplace and over the top of the roof with an appropriate gap.
Where should a pellet stove be installed in a house?
It is best to install your pellet stove close to a stairway because it will heat the upper and lower levels of your house. To allow for direct venting of the pellet stove outside, the optimal location within the room is close to an exterior wall.
Can I put a pellet stove in the basement?
The lowest level of a house is always difficult to keep warm, making the basement one of the most significant places to put a pellet stove. With the proper placement, convection can maintain the underground and the upper stories toasty without fully relying on the primary heating system.
Does a pellet stove have to be vented outside?
A proper sort of flue, such as one within a brick chimney, one inside a dwelling, or externally up an exterior wall, must be used to vent unwanted air from a pellet burner to the outside of a building. For the intake of fresh air, pellet stoves normally do not necessarily require a direct vent.