Skip to Content

How Does An Electric Kettle Work

How Does An Electric Kettle Work

How Does An Electric Kettle Work

An electric kettle is a household appliance that is used to heat or boil water. It has a heating element that runs on electricity and is immersed in water, which heats it beyond the boiling point. When the water reaches the predetermined temperature, the kettle automatically turns off.

If you drink coffee or tea with a bucket, you will be happy that someone once dared to come up with a super-efficient way to turn cold water into hot, namely an electric kettle (aka electric kettle). An electric kettle can boil water in a couple of minutes because it can transfer heat energy to water much faster and more efficiently than an open fire (which allows heat to escape in all directions).

By the way, if you’re interested in Can Jam Go Bad, check out my article on that.

If you continue to pump heat energy to the bottom of the kettle (faster than the heat escapes from the top and sides), sooner or later the water inside will boil. When a large current passes through the heating element, it heats up and the electric kettle uses this heat to boil water. Using the heating element in direct contact with the water in the kettle means that almost all of the heat generated by the heating element is efficiently transferred to the water, meaning you can enjoy your coffee faster. Heating element – works by resisting the flow of electric current, which creates heat and heats the water.

Watch this video to learn about the working principle of Electric kettle

A heating element inside the kettle heats the water, and once it reaches the boiling point, the automatic switch turns off the heat, so you don’t have to worry about your cup of tea boiling over. If you boil a lot more water than you’re going to use, you’re making the kettle’s heating element work really hard, which also means it’s using extra electricity.

To learn about Can Hummus Go Bad, check out my article where I cover everything you need to know.

To see why, consider that when the stove gets hot, the bottom of the kettle must heat up before the water starts to heat up. Heat is lost in the process due to the imperfect contact between the bottom of a traditional kettle and the hob.

Uses of electric kettleTemperature
Use to make teaWater in a kettle usually boils at just over 100 degrees Celsius
Can use to boil eggMost kettles boil water between 160-300 seconds
Uses and temperature of an electric kettle.

Because the kettle is a sealed device, the temperature inside rises quickly and the water boils very quickly. Once the kettle is connected to the mains and filled with cold or room temperature water, all you need to do is wait for the boiling process. After the kettle has been filled with water, placed correctly and the temperature settings have been selected, turn on the kettle. If you need hot water for other uses, such as making oatmeal or tea, pour the correct amount of water into the kettle and bring it to a boil before removing it from heat.

Water in a kettle usually boils at just over 100 degrees Celsius due to impurities in the water, such as minerals, that cause it to have a higher boiling point. Depending on the amount of water in the kettle, most models take between 160 and 300 seconds to bring the water to a boil. Just in case, it’s better to heat the water on the stove rather than boil it and then reheat it in the kettle. Heating increases the time and energy required to bring the water to a boil, but also helps keep the water warm longer than boiling water poured into a cup at room temperature.

In our kitchen, we need to bring these 500 ml of water from room temperature (21°C) to boiling (100°C), adding energy – 165,000 J (or 0.046 kilowatt-hours), or rather – in the form of heat. The theoretical energy required to heat 350ml of water to 83°C in 318 seconds is 382W with an overall efficiency of only 30.5%.

If you use a 2400 watt electric kettle, that means it uses 2400 joules of electricity per second and gives off (roughly) the same amount of energy into the water and also releases heat every second. Whether you use a campfire or a kettle, a microwave oven, or a fancy James Prescott Joule-style stirrer (see sidebar below), the amount of energy needed to boil water will be the same.

When you turn on the electric kettle, it automatically switches from 110 VAC to 220 VAC, so energy can flow and heat water faster than a gas or open flame. When you place a traditional kettle on a stove, electric or gas stove, it comes into direct contact with the heat source.

It creates an electromagnetic current right in the pot to generate heat, with very little wasted into the air. Electricity passes through the serpentine, turning into heat and heating the cold water inside it. The coil uses electricity and then converts it into heat, which additionally heats the milk or water contained in the container. When the kettle is plugged into an electrical outlet and turned on, electric current flows through a metal coil that is in or under water.

A long tube at the top carries steam from a typical modern kettle to a thermostat, which turns off the element at the appropriate time (described below). Channels inside the kettle, usually inside the handle, deliver steam from the top of the boiling interior to the thermostat (usually near the bottom), where the temperature rises rapidly from about room temperature to about 100 °C. boiling.

Another tricky feature is that the thermostat is not in the water of the kettle at all, and therefore does not operate on the temperature of the water, which, as previously stated, may not always be 100 degrees Celsius. Some kettles use a thermostat that turns them off when the water reaches the right temperature. Temperature controls allow you to set the temperature of the kettle to 140 degrees or less to make hot chocolate easier to drink. The boiling point of water is 212 degrees Fahrenheit, so the electric kettle prepares your favorite hot drinks without waiting for the stove to heat up.

The old adage says that a guarded cauldron (kettle) will never boil, but it goes back to the days when most people boiled water on horribly inefficient open coal fires. By the same principle, using a kettle is easier because it always gives the same amount of heat to milk or water when making coffee. The heat will likely leave a burnt film and mineral deposits on the bottom of the kettle that will be nearly impossible to clean, especially if the kettle lid is only partially removed.

What is dangerous about a kettle?

Plastic Kettles Considering that they could cause your boiling water to include endocrine-disrupting chemicals like Bisphenol A (BPA) and/or phthalates, they are not advised. Phthalates have the potential to leave a mild flavour or odour change. If you use a plastic kettle and leave the water still boiling after you have filled your cup.

How do kettles know when to stop boiling?

The thermostat (generally towards the base) receives steam from the top of the boiling interior through a conduit within the kettle, which is normally inside the handle. As soon as boiling begins, the temperature rises quickly from about ambient to close to 100°C. The disk snaps, as a result, cutting off the power.

Do electric kettles really boil water?

Electric kettles may be a simple and secure method to quickly heat or boil water. When brewing tea, making a cup of coffee, or cooking some instant oatmeal in the morning, electric kettles can be a necessary tool for fast heating or boiling water.

Skip to content