Can Mushroom Spores Survive In Space
It is unlikely that mushroom spores could survive in the harsh environment of space. Mushrooms reproduce through the dispersal of spores, which are tiny, lightweight cells that can be carried by the wind or other means to new locations. In order for a mushroom spore to grow into a new mushroom, it must land in a suitable environment where there is moisture, nutrients, and a suitable temperature.
Because space is a vacuum, with a very low temperature, it is easy to wonder why things like mushroom spores cannot survive there. Because of the vacuum in space and very low temperatures, it is easy to think about why things like mushroom spores cannot survive there. Certainly, the fungus spores had an over-concentration of electrons, allowing them to outlive their surroundings. That fungal spores can only survive for about one to two weeks in deep space is significant, because it means even if a few spores were to stick on the exterior of a spacecraft traveling toward Mars, these spores would die by the time that spacecraft reached its destination.
Because human-made rockets take three days to reach the closest celestial bodies, and months to reach the closest planets, fungus spores will not survive long periods of time in deep space. Apparently, mushrooms in space space can handle this much better than our frail human bodies. Shielding helps the mushrooms spores survive in space (as little as 0.4mm of aluminum, as found in an experiment), but ultimately, they are pretty good at surviving in space. Mushroom spores can survive in extreme vacuums and at insanely low temperatures; a spore shell is among the densest materials in nature, so much so that McKenna says it is nearly metallic; global currents are even capable of forming on a quasi-metallic spores airborne surface, which then acts as a repulsory against extreme space radiation.
Spores are extremely tough, which is why they can withstand traveling great distances and extended waiting periods before an opportunity to grow. Spores are extremely important as they enable the mushroom to quickly reproduce and disperse through an environment. The flimsy, rapidly shattered seeds are later restricted in their usage, considering they multiply by scattering spores in the wind. Another reason why the fungi flourish in space is because their standard mode of reproduction does not meet nearly the level of resistance it does on Earth.
|Exist for 18 months
|Unexpectedly, some of the spores continued to exist for 18 months.
|linked to UV radiation protection
|These spores that survived exhibited higher levels of proteins linked to UV radiation protection
|Increased UV Resistance
|when revived and reexposed on Earth, they really displayed increased UV resistance.
Experiments such as one of the fungi-in-space experiments conducted by researchers Peter Weber and J.M. Greenberg in 1985 in the Astrophysics Lab of the University of Leiden, the Netherlands, showed not only can spores survive in space — they could probably survive interstellar travel as well (such as being on or within asteroids). While the problems at Russias space station Mir are within the station, spores may also survive outside of manned spacecraft. 1 The research paper by Marta Corteso,1 found mold growing on the walls of the International Space Station (ISS), showing a natural presence on spacecraft habitats.2 If those spores are capable of withstanding radiation from space, they could inadvertently pollute other planets in exploratory and colonization missions. After recreating conditions such as atmosphere, pressure, and even space radiation, scientists found black mould spores were able to survive well.
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The study also noted that, with protection from the suns UV light, such microbial spores were able to survive for almost six years out there in space. Spores from some bacterial strains were also found to survive peroxide treatment and UV radiation. If protected from ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the Sun, as many as 80 percent of spores from a polylayer survived into space. While shields as thin as 0.4 millimeters of metal may help shield such spores from cosmic radiation, in general, the fungus is fairly resistant to environments outside of our atmosphere.
The spore coats on mushrooms are metallic in color, purple, which allows spores to reflect UV radiation naturally. In addition, spores outer layer is metallic and purple in color, mostly protecting it from UV rays. The outer spore coat is arguably the strongest naturally occurring material found in the wild, making it perhaps the strongest. To back up his claims about the ability of spores to survive in space, McKenna mentions the deep blue or deep purple coloration of the spores of Psilocybe cubensis.
Terence McKenna believes fungus spores are capable of surviving in outer space, becoming a catalyst for human evolution. Mckenna also explained how the spores would have been perfect candidates for an extraterrestrial probe sent into space to discover life. McKenna further stated that every spore is an artifact of alien intelligence, and every fungus is engineered to act as an vessel for alien messages. Terence said the Magic Mushroom could be an intelligent species that came to earth when the spores traveled across space.
Accepting a theory that mushrooms came from space is a big leap of intellectual thought, but there is some truth in that theory. While the theory of panspermia is not proven, and likely will be for quite a while, it certainly seems reasonable given what we know about spores capacity for resistance in space. According to Francis Crick, ancient extraterrestrials could have sent mushroom spores to help crowd the Galaxy with life. NASA scientists periodically have turned to yeasts, which are also a subgroup of mushrooms, to gain more insight into how some pathogenic microbes might be made more resistant to drugs in space, such as when the NanoSat PharmaSat was launched in 2009.
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In summary, the research says that generally, microorganisms tend to prosper in a spaceflight environment, both through increased growth parameters and demonstrated proliferative abilities in the presence of antibiotics at typically inhibitory levels. The study says that The persistence of microorganisms in space is being studied in order to address questions about the upper limits of the biosphere, as well as to investigate the possibility of transplanetary trafficking. The health and fertility of such germs may tell researchers much about the ways living things, from bacteria to fungi to humans, respond to the harsh environments of space in different ways.
How long can spores survive in space?
Unexpectedly, some of the spores continued to exist for 18 months. These spores that survived exhibited higher levels of proteins linked to UV radiation protection, and when revived and reexposed on Earth, they really displayed increased UV resistance. The spore coats on mushrooms are metallic in color, purple, which allows spores to reflect UV radiation naturally.
Can spores exist in space?
Every layer of the earth’s atmosphere has been searched for and collected for living spores. Because they are electron-dense, mushroom spores can endure in the vacuum of space. In addition, the spore’s outer layer is really metallic and has a purple colour, which enables it to naturally reflect UV light.
Can Earth organisms survive Mars and back?
The answer is that bacteria can travel from Earth to Mars and live. We have a procedure just for making sure the spacecraft is as clean as it can be before leaving Earth so if we ever find life on Mars, we can be sure it did not originate from Earth.